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Featured Acquisitions - April 2015

 

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Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World by Bruce Schneier
New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 2015
Basement HM846 .S362 2015

Your cell phone provider tracks your location and knows who's with you. Your online and in-store purchasing patterns are recorded, and reveal if you're unemployed, sick, or pregnant. Your e-mails and texts expose your intimate and casual friends. Google knows what you're thinking because it saves your private searches. Facebook can determine your sexual orientation without you ever mentioning it. The powers that surveil us do more than simply store this information. Corporations use surveillance to manipulate not only the news articles and advertisements we each see, but also the prices we're offered. Governments use surveillance to discriminate, censor, chill free speech, and put people in danger worldwide. And both sides share this information with each other or, even worse, lose it to cybercriminals in huge data breaches.

Much of this is voluntary: we cooperate with corporate surveillance because it promises us convenience, and we submit to government surveillance because it promises us protection. The result is a mass surveillance society of our own making. But have we given up more than we've gained? In Data and Goliath, security expert Bruce Schneier offers another path, one that values both security and privacy. He shows us exactly what we can do to reform our government surveillance programs and shake up surveillance-based business models, while also providing tips for you to protect your privacy every day. You'll never look at your phone, your computer, your credit cards, or even your car in the same way again.


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Bills, Quills and Stills: An Annotated, Illustrated and Illuminated History of the Bill of Rights by Robert J. McWhirter
Chicago, IL: American Bar Association, 2015
Balcony KF4750 .M39 2015

At a time when much of the national debate regards the basic rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights, it’s vital to understand exactly what that means: what did the Framers know?

Lawyer and scholar Robert J. McWhirter’s monumental history of the Bill of Rights traces the origins of the amendments over the span of nearly a thousand years, with many tangents into the history of literature, religion, film, sports and popular culture, and ensures that his fellow citizens will be well-armed to defend their rights.

A tour de force of legal scholarship, historical perspective, and cultural allusion, this book belongs on the bookshelf of every citizen, history buff, and lawyer.


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In the Shadow of the Great Charter: Common Law Constitutionalism and the Magna Carta by Robert M. Pallitto
Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2015
Balcony KF4749 .P35 2015

In the Supreme Court's 2008 ruling on whether Guantanamo detainees could be barred from U.S. courts, Justice Anthony Kennedy cited the U.S. Constitution, of course. But he also linked the decision to the Magna Carta. Why would a twenty-first century judge, even under the extraordinary circumstances of the "war on terror," invoke a document signed by an English king in the thirteenth century? To address this question, as Robert Pallitto does in this clarifying book, is to probe the history of modern civil liberties, and to explore the process by which judges decide individual rights cases. Pallitto's work, with its insight into competing ideas about interpreting the Constitution--"originalism" versus "constitutional common law"--is of critical importance to our understanding of the nation's founding document. Of far more than symbolic significance, the Magna Carta exerts immediate practical influence on legal outcomes, as Justice Kennedy's opinion demonstrates.

To explain this, Pallitto first goes into the Charter's origins, history, and nature, especially its explicit use of "the law of the land" to protect subjects' rights and liberty. The Magna Carta's legacy in the United States reaches back to the nation's founding, with even the colonial charters reflecting its influence. But it is in the Supreme Court's reference to the Charter, spanning the institution's full two-hundred years, that Pallitto finds the greatest impact--most frequently in the principles of due process (in criminal proceedings) and habeas corpus, but in many other provisions as well. And the weight of this impact registers most deeply and clearly in the development of the constitutional common law--the theory that courts should and do interpret and expand on constitutional texts by reference to tradition and precedent rather than to the drafter's original intent. Charting the Magna Carta's influence on the contemporary jurisprudence of individual rights--from the legal thought of the American colonies through exemplary cases over the history of the Supreme Court--this book offers resounding evidence of the evolution and value of abiding principles through which American liberty endures.


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Privacy in the New Media Age by Jon L. Mills
Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2015
Balcony KF2750 .M55 2015

Balancing personal dignity and first amendment concerns has become increasingly challenging. In today's new media age, technology moves faster than the law, enabling modern media outlets to commit intrusions into private endeavors for the sake of a story. With few legal limits governing the dissemination of information online, individuals--whether news affiliates or anonymous writers--can become publishers, freely divulging the details of citizens' private lives. While the history of free speech and press has noble origins rooted in democratic theory, unlimited and unrestricted internet speech has left thousands of victims in its wake. Can society protect those who are harassed, stalked, and misrepresented online while maintaining our constitutional freedoms?

Jon Mills, one of the nation's top privacy experts and advocates, maps out this complex problem. Tracing the history of the press in tandem with its regulation, Mills argues that technology has always evolved more quickly than the laws restricting its use. Old laws chase new media, raising original questions of how privacy and modern news outlets can coexist. Mills tackles those issues by looking at solutions already implemented by the European Union and comparing them to the obsolete privacy laws still extant in the United States. In his search for solutions, Mills closely examines an array of noteworthy cases, including suits made by Jennifer Anniston, Kate Middleton, Naomi Campbell, Argentinian soccer star Diego Maradona, and the family of deceased SeaWorld trainer Dawn Brancheau. In a global marketplace of instantly shared ideas, freedom of expression offers consumers a wealth of knowledge, but a lack of gatekeeping threatens intellectual space and individuals' personal lives. Mills traces that sharp edge between the right of privacy and the right of the public to know--between the limitless source of private information and society's craving for it all.


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The Practice: Brutal Truths about Lawyers and Lawyering by Brian Tannebaum
Chicago, Illinois: American Bar Association, 2014
Main Floor KF300 .T36 2014

In The Practice, Tannebaum riffs on everything from asking yourself what type of lawyer you want to be, to the most effective way to market yourself in an industry where lawyers increasingly over-rely on social media to prove their relevance. It also discusses other important topics, including the proper way to handle referrals, rainmaking, reinventing yourself as a lawyer, personal branding, and much more. This book offers a no-holds-barred "truth" about the legal profession in the author s honest and at times humorous signature voice. Readers will find clear and truthful advice on a wide range of topics that will help them become a better, and more informed lawyer.


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God’s Bankers: A History of Money and Power at the Vatican by Gerald Posner
New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015
Basement BX1950 .P68 2015

A deeply reported, fast-paced exposé of the money and the cardinals-turned-financiers at the heart of the Vatican - the world's biggest, most powerful religious institution - from an acclaimed journalist with “exhaustive research techniques.” From a master chronicler of legal and financial misconduct, a magnificent investigation nine years in the making, this book traces the political intrigue and inner workings of the Catholic Church. Decidedly not about faith, belief in God, or religious doctrine, this book is about the church's accumulation of wealth and its byzantine entanglements with financial markets across the world. Told through 200 years of prelates, bishops, cardinals, and the Popes who oversee it all, Gerald Posner uncovers an eyebrow-raising account of money and power in perhaps the most influential organization in the history of the world.

God's Bankers has it all: a rare exposé and an astounding saga marked by poisoned business titans, murdered prosecutors, mysterious deaths of private investigators, and questionable suicides; a carnival of characters from Popes and cardinals, financiers and mobsters, kings and prime ministers; and a set of moral and political circumstances that clarify not only the church's aims and ambitions, but reflect the larger dilemmas of the world's more recent history. And Posner even looks to the future to surmise if Pope Francis can succeed where all his predecessors failed: to overcome the resistance to change in the Vatican's Machiavellian inner court and to rein in the excesses of its seemingly uncontrollable financial quagmire. Part thriller, part financial tell-all, this book shows with extraordinary precision how the Vatican has evolved from a foundation of faith to a corporation of extreme wealth and power.


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Free Speech and Censorship around the Globe edited by Peter Molnar
Budapest, Hungary; New York, NY: Central European University Press, 2015
Balcony K3253 .F77 2015

contains stories about how imagination and rational thinking in wildly different cultures capture, imagine and conceptualize what freedom of speech means. This book treats the reader not as a tourist, but as a traveler. It does not stop at every famous tourist site that have been the most visited. Instead, it goes up many side streets. It provides an opportunity for curious people who would like to understand whether free speech can be contextual to take a journey of exploration. It draws a map of the concepts and contexts of free speech in the second decade of the 21st century.

1989 and 2011 are only two recent turning points when freedom of speech and freedom of the press emerged, or at least powerful efforts were made to support their emergence, although disheartening backlashes followed in several countries. The book also tells many other free speech narratives that emerged, or evolved outside the frames of 1989 and 2011, also with several troublesome repercussions. Reborn restrictions to free speech- as have taken place, for example, in some Central European and East European countries, such as the backlash in Hungary that received broad international attention- make the critical assessments presented in this volume especially timely. Comparative studies must help to avoid such backwards steps and to create enabling environments needed by any culture in order to develop and sustain the spirit and practices of freedom of speech.


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Policing Sexuality: The Mann Acts and the Making of the FBI by Jessica R. Piley
Cambridge, Massachusetts; London, England: Harvard University Press, 2014
Basement HQ125.U6 P62 2014

America’s first anti-sex trafficking law, the 1910 Mann Act, made it illegal to transport women over state lines for prostitution-or any other immoral purpose. It was meant to protect women and girls from being seduced or sold into sexual slavery. But, as Jessica Pliley illustrates, its enforcement resulted more often in the policing of women’s sexual behavior, reflecting conservative attitudes toward women’s roles at home and their movements in public. By citing its mandate to halt illicit sexuality, the fledgling Bureau of Investigation gained entry not only into brothels but also into private bedrooms and justified its own expansion. Policing Sexuality links the crusade against sex trafficking to the rapid growth of the Bureau from a few dozen agents at the time of the Mann Act into a formidable law enforcement organization that cooperated with state and municipal authorities across the nation. In pursuit of offenders, the Bureau often intervened in domestic squabbles on behalf of men intent on monitoring their wives and daughters. Working prostitutes were imprisoned at dramatically increased rates, while their male clients were seldom prosecuted. In upholding the Mann Act, the FBI reinforced sexually conservative views of the chaste woman and the respectable husband and father. It built its national power and prestige by expanding its legal authority to police Americans’ sexuality and by marginalizing the very women it was charged to protect.


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The Legacy of Ruth Bader Ginsburg by edited Scott Dodson
New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2015
Balcony KF8745.G56 L4499 2015

Ruth Bader Ginsburg is a legal icon. In more than four decades as a lawyer, professor, appellate judge, and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, Ginsburg has influenced the law and society in real and permanent ways. This book chronicles and evaluates the remarkable achievements Ruth Bader Ginsburg has made over the past half century. Including chapters written by prominent court watchers and leading scholars from law, political science, and history, it offers diverse perspectives on an array of doctrinal areas and on different time periods in Ginsburg's career. Together, these perspectives document the impressive legacy of one of the most important figures in modern law.